This paper summarizes and criticizes the article, “Costs and benefits of autonomy when learning a task” an experimental approach”. The article shows the relationship between autonomy and learning outcomes. The article postulates that when individuals learn a new task, there is a need to have autonomy rather than lack of it. However, increasing autonomy beyond a certain level may not yield any additional advantages in regards to motivation to learn and learning outcome (Wielenga-Meijer, Taris, Wigboldus, Kompier, 2011). This may also be disadvantageous when it comes to learning efficiency. The reason for choosing this article is because, it is a peer-reviewed article and it relates to learning. Furthermore, the article is relevant to the study topics because, it talks about the motivations of learning something that takes place in an individual’s minds or cognitive.
The article has a hypothesis, which the researchers endeavor to test. The hypothesis helped the researchers to narrow their scope of the research. There is a methodology adopted by the researchers. The research was carried out among 95 participants selected randomly. This therefore, allowed the study to be representative. However, the only limitation is that, the researchers did not assure their respondents’ privacy or confidentiality of their participation. ANOVA was conducted on the three levels of autonomy, moderate and full autonomy. Self-report variables were measured directly after standards test 2 to ensure that performance of the tests could not affect the data. The researchers generalized their results by stating that autonomy was imperative to help enhance learning and performance. In general, the study was credible and reliable. The researchers did an extensive research by sourcing information from other researchers to substantiate their claims and develop their arguments. Even though, the study was reliable, there is need to ensure that in future studies, other variables are investigated to find out how they relate to learning. These variables may include, age, experience and the tangible rewards that an individual is entitled to.
Wielenga-Meijer, E., Taris, T., Wigboldus, D., Kompier, A. (2011). Costs and Benefits of Autonomy When Learning a Task: An Experimental Approach, Journal of Social Psychology, 151(3): 292-313.
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