Chinese/Japanese History Story Analysis Mair 54-59

A notable fact in the traditional China is that few women attained literacy and those who managed to gain literacy did not hold civil service positions. In addition, the capability to compose drivable poetry was one of the requirements for an individual to become a successful bureaucrat. This state of affairs in traditional China is questionable due to the fact that Yu Hsuan Chi was a poet yet her gender orientation played an integral role in disqualifying her from being an official.

Wang is also considered as a famous poet due to his controversial reforms in the various aspects of the government especially during the time that he held power at the Sung court. Wang aimed correcting the social disorder, which he considered to have played an integral role in disintegration of the state. The early poetry of Wand laid emphasis on social problems based on the ideologies of Confucian.

Meng Chiao is also one of the renowned Tang poets and a statesman. Huang Ting-Chien was also a poet and a scholar who shared his interest in the aspects of Zen Buddhism. Huang managed to establish himself both as a lyricist and poet. A notable aspect of the various poetry periods in the history of Chinese is their changing methods of poetry with the diverse objectives. For instance, Yang Wan-li focuses on the poems of depression, while other poets focused on aspects such as social change and problems, Buddhism and the role of gender in becoming an official. The influences of the poets also vary across the various periods of history, which in turn shaped their motivations behind poetry. Su Shi is an important poetry figure during the Northern Sung Period, who was characterized by passionate patriotism.


Keene chapter 7

Buddhism is an important aspect of Chinese religion, implying that Buddhist leaders have made significant contributions towards the Chinese history. A notable Buddhist figure is Kukai, who is considered as a scholar, poet, sculptor, painter, and inventor and explores. Kukai has his origins in the aristocratic families in Japan. Confucian ideologies are a core aspect of Japanese history due to the influences it had in shaping the ideologies adopted by Buddhist leaders.

Buddhism is presented as playing an important role in influencing the perspectives of Kukai, this saw him supersede the wishes of his family. It is through this adventure in Buddhism that helped him to discover a copy of Manavairocana Sutra, which is one of the fundamental scriptures found in Esoteric Buddhism. This serves to demystify the underlying mysteries associated with the body, mouth and the mid, by which common people can use to attain intimacy with the Buddha’s world.

Esoteric Buddhism texts attempt to explain the swift effects and supranational action. In the light of these, if there is a person who disciplines oneself in accordance with the established methods of discipline, such a person is likely to achieve corporeal existence of the five supernatural powers. Further training will result to advancement to the next stage of the Buddha without leaving the body. Retaining the grace of three mysteries, which are inborn, result to their manifestation. Compassion is also a key element of esoteric Buddhism which is usually directed at conscious beings, this mainly involves adding and retaining; which make up the core principles of devotion by the Buddhists.

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