Explain The impact of international business environment on MNEs in the airlines industry

Order Description

Write a paper that analyses how the international business environment impacts MNEs in the airlines industry (as a whole or on a sub-sector of the industry). This will involve:
Identifying and researching political/legal, economic/financial, socio-cultural, and technological changes and trends relevant to the airline industry that have occurred recently, with a focus on developments over the past two to three years;
Presenting an analysis of the identified environmental changes that incorporates relevant course concepts and theoretical frameworks;
Predicting future environmental developments and/or consequences of the identified changes; and
Highlighting managerial implications for MNEs in the airline industry.

In the paper, show that you have read the relevant literature and are aware of the major views documented on your chosen topic. You will then apply this knowledge to the analysis of your identified environmental changes and the discussion of implications for MNEs.
Clear references in Harvard style (both in-text citations and the reference list) should be included in the paper.
A one-page abstract
It is expected that students will consult firstly newspapers, trade/industry reports and periodicals, and the popular press such as Business Review Weekly, The Economist, Financial Times, etc. to identify international business trends, forecasts and changes, and industry responses. Students should also use academic journals and commentary as sources for their analysis. Students should not solely rely upon internet sources.
Focus on recent and future changes in the PEST environment. Show the linkage of the changes to the airline environment, using evidence such as statistics, firm-level responses, etc.
Distinguish between firm-level responses and PEST environmental forces, e.g. FDI strategy (i.e. firm-level response) to respond to increasing income level in emerging markets (i.e., environmental change)
Sources of data (methodology):
o Academic journals suitable for theoretical/conceptual aspects
o Given the research question, professional magazines, newspapers, etc. are very useful sources of information.
Managerial implications: What do you suggest MNEs should do to respond to the environmental changes, e.g. in terms of internationalisation strategy (country selection, entry mode) and other strategic and operational dimensions?

Identifying and researching recent changes in the PEST (macro- external) environment and how they have affected the airline industry;
o Changes and developments in the macro-external environment over the past two to three years
Presenting an analysis of the identified environmental changes that incorporates relevant course concepts and theoretical frameworks;
Predicting future changes in the PEST environment (and/or consequences of the identified changes); and
Highlighting managerial implications of those changes for MNEs in the airline industry.
The environmental scanning project is not about a particular company or country, but about how recent/future changes in the global macro-external environment have affected/will affect the airline industry and the implications of those changes for MNEs in the industry.
When using national macro-external forces, always consider if they have some global significance for the chosen industry.

Recent changes in the global macro external environment
Supranational forces
o Globalization
o Trade (e.g., recent rulings at WTO)
o Regional integration (e.g., regulatory changes, financial crisis (FX) in EU/Eurozone, etc.)
National forces
o Economic & financial changes
o Political, regulatory & legal changes
o Societal & cultural changes
o Changes in technology & innovation systems
o Take a holistic view of these environmental forces. Interrelated effects on the airline industry

ABI-Inform Global
The Economist
Business Review Weekly
Financial Times
Wall Street Journal
BBC news
Academic journals

Suggested paper structure:
Your paper needs to contain the following sections:
1) Table of contents: list the main sections of the paper as well as any subheadings
2) Executive summary: a short explanation summarising the papers purpose, findings, conclusions and managerial implications
3) Introduction: outline the purpose and scope of the paper clearly. The introduction should also provide a brief outline of the rest of the paper. The introduction should also define key terms and provide a brief background to the topic.
4) Methodology: a brief description of how you researched the topic, particularly sources used
5) Body: this should be split into sections, each headed by a subheading. The precise breakdown of subheadings is a decision for the individual student and will depend on your key arguments and findings. A typical (but not necessarily optimal) breakdown of sections would be as follows: theoretical framework, political/legal environment, economic/financial environment, socio-cultural environment, technological environment, future developments, and managerial implications for MNEs.
6) Conclusion
7) Reference: both in-text citations and a reference list.
8) Appendices (if any)

Quality of analysis
Application of theories
Structure and organisation
Literature support
Writing style
Grammar and spelling
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