Government and Non-Profit Organizations
Governments and nonprofit organizations eliminate profitable activities as their key goals; in so doing, success of the government organizations and nonprofit organizations cannot be established by reflecting at the profit making. Governments and nonprofit organizations have service programs directed at meeting the vision and the mission of the government organizations and nonprofit organizations. Governmental and nonprofit organizations are classified within charitable orientation, service orientation, participatory orientation, empowering orientation, community based organizations, citywide organizations, international nongovernmental organizations and national nongovernmental organizations (Copley, 2010). An example of a government agency is the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and an example of not for profit making organization is the American Red Cross (ARC) (American Red Cross & Handal, 2002).
CIA is a government agency with the responsibilities of gathering relevant intelligence in the United States and beyond. There are a number of other intelligence organizations that works hand in hand with CIA (Schroen, 2007). CIA works under United States Federal Government and the headquarters are based in Langley, Virginia, which is very close to the capital city of the United States. It has been noted that the employees of CIA operates from the embassies of the United States around the globe. CIA is an independent body and supervised by the Director of the National Intelligence (Schroen, 2007).
CIA works under principal activities numbering to three; first principle is gathering the relevant intelligence information from foreign corporations, governments and individuals (Schroen, 2007). The second principle is analyzing the information while at the same time coordinating with other intelligence agencies in the United States, the information is then directed to the national security intelligence assessment to the senior policymakers; and the third principle is overseeing activities relating to covert after the directions from the sitting president; which is mainly done through Special Activities Divisions among other organs in the government. The success of CIA is measured in accordance with the relevant intelligence information that leads to meaningful ends in protecting the interests of the United States (Copley, 2010).
ARC is also referred to as the American National Red Cross; ARC is a nonprofit organization dealing with humanitarian needs in the region, mainly providing emergency services, education and disaster relief in United States. ARC is an affiliate member of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies which are strategically located all over the world. ARC offers services in community services targeting the needy in the society, offering communication services in dealing with disasters, comforting family members of the military members injured or killed in the line of duty, coordination of blood supply to medical facilities and developing disaster preparedness programs (American Red Cross & Handal, 2002).
CIA and ARC are exempted from making profits and taxation under the United States non-profit laws. The two organizations do not consider profit as their primary motivation. There are unique legal issues governing the operations of the CIA and ARC. Success in CIA and ARC is realized through monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in assessing the overall performance (Coninck et al, 2008). Monitoring is a long term systematic process that gathers relevant information that relates to the progress of the organizations. It has been noted that evaluation is carried out in judging whether the organizations are meeting the specific desired objectives that are time specific. Original plan is revisited in making sure that the organizations are meeting the desired vision and mission. Reliability, accountability and collaborations are highly valued when assessing the success of the governmental organizations and not for profit organizations (Coninck et al, 2008).
American Red Cross & Handal, K. (2002). The American Red Cross First Aid and Safety Handbook. New York: Little, Brown and Company.
Coninck, J. et al. (2008). Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation in Development Organisations: Sharing Training and Facilitation Experiences. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd.
Copley, P. (2010). Essentials of Accounting for Governmental and Not-for-Profit Organizations. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Schroen, G. (2007). First In: An Insider’s Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan. Presidio: Presidio Press.
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