The Omaha people one of the federally recognized Native Americans tribe found in Northeastern part of Nebraska and parts of Iowa in the United States. The Omaha tribe engaged in a treaty with the United States federal government, which played a significant role in the establishment of the Omaha tribal homeland boundaries and the recognition of the independence of their government (Hargrett 78). This paper provides an overview of the total approach to nation building of the Omaha tribes by describing the four elements that are significant in fostering successful tribal economic development with regard to continuity of the government, separation of business from politics and appropriate strategies, and effective utilization of tribal resources.
With regard to government continuity, the research study revealed that the Omaha tribe depends on the tribal law in conjunction with the federal laws to protect their land and the resources found within the tribal boundaries. The political structure and sovereignty of the Ponca tribe is more effective compared to the Omaha tribe. The Ponca tribe political structure is characterized by transparency in the constitution and election processes. Transparency plays a significant role in ensuring the continuity of tribal governments. Contrary to the Omaha tribe, their political structure lacks transparency and equality in the representation of the views of the tribe members (Jorgensen 13).
In terms of separation of business from politics, the Omaha tribe business activities are centrally controlled by the government, in the sense that the tribal Council and the Secretary of Interior are charged with making all the decisions on behalf of the tribe; this implies that there is no separation of business from politics. On the other hand, the Ponca tribe separates its business from politics; this is because the PEDCO is in charge of business aspects while the tribal government is in charge of political matters.
There are also vast differences between the Omaha and the Ponca tribes in terms of implementation of proper strategy. The Omaha tribe focuses on the implementation of short-term goals, which have ultimately resulted to the bankruptcy of tribal business franchises such as the Omaha Casino and limited tribal sovereignty. The Ponca tribe on the other hand has focused on long term strategies, and has ultimately resulted to the success of most of the tribal business franchises, expansion and more tribal control of the community (Molly 2).
Differences as also evident in terms of utilization of tribal resources, the Omaha tribe deploys the use of standard approach, while the Ponca tribes deploys the Nation building approach in order to facilitate the development of their tribal country. The impacts of these differences are notable with differences in the success rates of the two communities (Omahatribe.com).
The differences in the four elements of successful tribal economic development depicts the significant role that appropriate strategies play in ensuring economic development of sovereign tribes in the United States. The different approaches to continuity of the government, separation of business from politics and appropriate strategies, and effective utilization of tribal resources by the Ponca and Omaha tribe are responsible for the success of one tribe and the failure of another tribe. This is due to the sovereignty of the tribal states as provided for the in the federal constitution. In retrospect, the research identified the Omaha tribe as standard, while the Ponca tribe as Nation building approach.
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