sociological imagination

SOCY 100 MID-TERM EXAM (26 points)
The following exam consists of short-answer questions and one essay question. Please be sure to read the instructions carefully for each section.
A: Short answer questions (Do any 5) 20 pts
Each response should consist of at least one full paragraph of approximately 4-6 sentences. Please answer using complete sentences.
1. What is the sociological imagination, and how do history and personal biography affect it? If a sociologist studies the challenges experienced by students earning a college degree, how could the lessons gained be described as “ terrible” as well as “magnificent”? (Ch.1) (4 pts)
2. Compare functionalism and conflict theory. How would the two differ in their understanding of inequality? (Ch.1) (4 pts)
3. Surveys are complicated to design and costly to administer, and potentially suffer from response bias with respect to who answers them. Why use this data collection method? Draw on the case of the General Social Survey to support your answer. (Ch.2) (4 pts)
4. Why do sociologists have to run their projects by institutional review boards? What are the “golden rules” sociologists should keep in mind when conducting research? (Ch.2) (4 pts)
5. School plays an important role in our socialization. Think about the way socialization works: What are some of the things we learn from schooling (e.g., the first years in elementary school), and how does this learning differ from what we are taught by our teacher? How are things like gender performance shaped in school? (Ch.4) (4 pts)
6. A student wants to achieve good grades but is not interested in studying for exams; instead, the student finds various ways to cheat. How does Robert Merton’s strain theory explain this behavior, and which “type” does the student exemplify? (Ch.6) (4 pts)
Please respond to the essay question below. Be sure to answer each part of the essay question. The essay question’s answers should be 3 to 4 full paragraphs.
Explain the similarities and differences between the three major sociological perspectives of functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. Use an example of any ONE social problem such as high school dropouts, teenage pregnancy, divorce, drugs or homelessness to show how the different perspectives would view the problem. Identify which perspectives use a macro-level or a micro-level of analysis.

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